Check with your state’s pollution control agency to find out what laws need to be adhered to. There may not be specific guidelines as far as the actual clean-up; however, there are usually standards established on how to dispose of the materials to be cleaned up. Currently, there are no national laws for the crime scene cleaning industry. However, there are certain governmental regulations that must be followed, including the OSHA Blood Borne Pathogens Standards. These standards dictate how to handle bio hazard materials.
The next step will be to make sure you have the right supplies and equipment. For personal protective equipment you will need the following:
- A nonporous, one-time-use suit
- Filtered respirators
- Chemical-spill proof boots
Bio hazard containers to store and dispose of the items that are cleaned up:
- Various sizes of bio-hazard heavy-duty bags
- Hard, sealed plastic containers for transporting materials
- Traditional cleaning supplies – mops, buckets, spray bottles, sponges, brushes, etc
Because of the nature of the crime scene cleanup in Milwaukee Wisconsin, it is likely you will also need the following cleaning supplies and equipment:
- Ozone machine, to remove odors
- Foggers, so chemicals can get into tight places like air ducts, usually for odor removal
- Vapor steam cleaners to for hard-to-clean and hard-to-reach places
- Long scrubbing brushes and wet vacuums to clean up blood coated surfaces
- Hospital-grade disinfectants
- Industrial-strength deodorizers
- Enzyme solvent, to kill bacteria and viruses and liquefy dried blood
- Putty knives and razor blades to scrape up materials and cut out contaminated sections of carpeting
- Shovels, to clean up large amounts of materials
- Chemical treatment tank, to disinfect and store matter sucked up by vacuum systems
- Hammers, sledgehammers, saws, and paint brushes
You will need a truck or van to transport waste to the appropriate disposal sites. It is a good idea to have a digital camera to take before and after photos. Some insurance companies may require the homeowner to submit photos before the insurance company pays a claim.
Employees who work in crime scene cleanup must have a Hepatitis B shot every five years. An employee must also be physically fit, since cleanup of a crime scene may take several hours, days, or even weeks to complete.
Before spending money on protective gear and equipment, make sure you get the appropriate training. This includes training in the areas of blood borne pathogens, the proper use of protective gear, and the proper way to transport and dispose of the bio-hazards and other hazardous waste collected.