Horse lovers have to know how to take care of horses before they decide to bring the animal home. Since the animal would become your companion, let it live freely by creating a favorable environment. Follow some basic rules about equine care to ensure its good health and long life and make it look like the horses you see on TVG shows.
First, you must ensure safe living conditions for the horse by setting up fencing that does not cause any bodily harm to the animal. Use of rails made from vinyl, plastic or wood ensures there are no rusted or sharp ends that can cause injury to horses. Mesh wire fencing is also good, but you must maintain it well. Secondly, you must provide proper shelter that protects the animal from the elements of weather. Lastly, you have to take care of the heath.
The health of horses depends on the food it eats. Arrange for the very best fodder and whatever other feeds you offer to the animal. Try to give the freedom of grazing on pasture but make sure that it is free from hazards such as loose wire fences, broken farm machinery and holes. If grass for grazing is not available or is inadequate, then arrange for some good quality hay or other healthy feeds but ensure unlimited access to salts and minerals. Be careful in choosing grass because poor quality hay can cause health problems and even damage the lungs.
If your horse needs something more than hay, look for supplements that provide all nutrients that the horse needs. Ensure an abundant supply of fresh water for drinking and sub-freezing temperatures, feed it with warm water.
Monitor horse health regularly
Keep a close watch on horse health by examining it every morning to detect any injury or health problems. It would ensure early detection of the issues so that you can initiate proper treatment immediately. You must know the average body temperature of horses as well as the normal respiration and pulse rate. That will help to detect if the horse is having a fever or any respiratory problems. The average pulse range is 28 to 45 beats per minute; average temperature is between 98.5oF to 101oF and 8 to 20 breaths per minute is the standard respiratory rate. The respiration rate is quite low when the horse is in absolute relaxed condition and could be as low as four breaths per minute.
Equine parasite control
Horses are prone to colic that results from the infestation of parasites in the intestine. It can make a horse lose weight and lose hair too. Regular deworming of horses keeps it free from the problem. Learn from a veterinarian about deworming so that you can do it on your own. Prevent exposure of the animal to parasites to eradicate the problem from the roots.
The health of the horse would depend significantly on how much of natural environment you can provide. The companionship with other animals like a pony, mule donkey, sheep and goat keep the animal healthy.