The Role of Accounting and Its Importance



Accounting is the process of recording, classifying, and summarizing financial transactions to help businesses maintain and monitor their financial health. It is a crucial function of any business or organization as it helps to evaluate financial performance, manage resources, and plan for future growth. In this article, we’ll discuss the crucial role of accounting and its importance.

The Functions of Accounting

The primary role of accounting is to provide financial information to stakeholders such as investors, creditors, and management. This information is used to make informed decisions about the financial condition and performance of the business. The following are the key functions of accounting:

Record Keeping

The accounting process begins with recording financial transactions such as sales, purchases, and expenses. This information is recorded in journals and ledgers, which provide a chronological record of the business’s financial activities.


After the financial transactions have been recorded, they are classified into different categories such as revenue, expenses, assets, and liabilities. This classification helps to organize the financial information and makes it easier to analyze.


Once the financial transactions have been recorded and classified, they are summarised into financial statements such as the balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow statement. These statements provide a snapshot of the financial position and performance of the business.


The financial statements are analyzed to identify trends, patterns, and areas for improvement. This analysis helps identify financial strengths and weaknesses and provides insights into the business’s monetary condition.

The Benefits of Accounting

Accounting is important for several reasons, including:

Financial Management

Accounting provides the necessary information for financial management. By monitoring financial transactions and analyzing financial statements, businesses can manage their resources effectively and make the right investments, expenditures, and financing decisions. In this context, outsourced accounting services are becoming increasingly popular among small businesses that lack in-house accounting expertise as the services of external accounting firms help them in effective financial management and optimum realization of financial goals.


Accounting is necessary to comply with legal and regulatory requirements. Businesses are required to maintain accurate financial records and file financial reports with regulatory bodies such as the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI).


Accounting provides the information necessary for planning and forecasting. Businesses can make prudent decisions about future investments and expenditures by analyzing financial statements and identifying trends.

Performance Evaluation

Accounting provides a handy tool to evaluate the performance of the business. By comparing financial statements from different periods, businesses can identify areas for improvement and make necessary changes to increase profitability.

Investor Confidence

Accurate and transparent financial reporting builds investor confidence. Investors are more likely to invest in a business that provides reliable financial information and commands a strong monetary position.

Business Valuation

Accounting provides the necessary information for business valuation. In the case of small companies, analyzing financial statements and identifying key financial indicators can help them determine their value and negotiate mergers and acquisitions. Accurate financial records are essential for business valuation, and external accounting services for small businesses can help ensure that financial records are up-to-date, organized, and accurate.


Accounting provides the necessary information for taxation. By preparing and maintaining accurate financial records and statements, businesses can calculate their tax liabilities and comply with all the tax laws and regulations in the country.

To Sum Up

Accounting is a crucial function of any business or organization, whether big or small. It is often outsourced to external financial agencies or firms to obtain financial information necessary for various purposes such as financial management, compliance, planning, performance evaluation, investor confidence, business valuation, and taxation. By maintaining accurate financial records and providing transparent commercial information with the help of an in-house team or an external agency, businesses can make appropriate decisions and achieve their financial goals.


Joey Feldman
Joey Feldman works at EssayPro essay writer service. He is a young technologist with experience in marketing and SEO and a master's degree in computer science. This guy is always looking for new ways technologies can be used to improve something. Being a passionate writer, Joey wants to share his experience and make new connections.

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